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Conserving soil fertility: looking after the future

Here are a few key steps to help keep your soil fertile for a long time:
1) Organic matter: Adding organic matter to the soil, such as compost, manure or green fertiliser, is one of the most effective ways to improve fertility. Organic matter improves soil structure, increases its water-holding capacity, enriches the soil with essential nutrients and promotes the development of beneficial microorganisms.
2) Minimum tillage: The practice of minimum tillage (MOT) helps to maintain soil fertility by minimising tillage and keeping crop residues in the field. This preserves soil structure, reduces erosion and conserves organic matter.
3) Surface irrigation: By using surface irrigation systems such as drip irrigation or root zone irrigation, the risk of soil erosion and nutrient loss can be reduced. Such an irrigation system allows water and fertiliser to be applied accurately and in the right quantities, minimising wastage.
4) Biodiversity conservation: Biodiversity is key to maintaining soil fertility. Protecting natural vegetation, establishing intercrop planting and creating natural barriers will help to hold soil in place, reduce erosion and provide natural fertiliser and pest protection.
5) Control the use of pesticides and fertilisers: Proper control of the use of pesticides and fertilisers will help prevent soil contamination and maintain soil fertility. Follow the instructions for use and use only the required amount of chemicals.
Caring for soil fertility is an investment in the future. Adopt these practices and encourage the sustainable use of soil. Conserving soil fertility will help us ensure food security, protect the environment and create sustainable agriculture for future generations. Let's take care of the soil so that it can continue to nourish us for many years to come!